13.2.08

online social research ethics

references:
Allen, Christina. 1996. “What’s Wrong with the ‘Golden Rule’? Conundrums of Conducting Ethical Research in Cyberspace. The Information Society vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 175-187.

Bakardjieva, M. & Feenberg, A. (2001). "Involving the virtual subject." Ethics and Information Technology. 2(4): 233- 240.

Banks, Will, & Eble, Michelle F. (2007). Digital spaces, online environments, and human participant research: Interfacing with institutional review boards. In McKee, Heidi A., & DeVoss, Danielle Nicole (Eds.), Digital writing research: Technologies, methodologies, and ethical issues (pp. 27-47). Cresskill: Hampton.

Bassett, E. H. & O'Riodan, Kathleen (2001, December). Ethics of Internet Research: Contesting the Human Subjects Research Model. In. Lancaster UK: Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiries (CEPE), http://www.nyu.edu/projects/nissenbaum/ethics_bas_full.html.

Beaulieu, Anne. 2004. “Mediating ethnography: objectivity and the making of ethnographies of the internet.” Social Epistemology vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 139-163.

Berkman, Robert. 2003. Digital Dilemmas: Ethical Issues for Online Media Professionals. Oxford: Blackwell.

Bortree, D. (2005, March). Presentation of self on the web: An ethnographic study of teenage girls' weblogs. Education, Communication & Information, 5 (1), 25-39.

Bruckman, Amy S. (2001, December). Studying the Amateur Artist: A Perspective on Disguising Data Collected in Human Subjects Research on the Internet. In. Lancaster UK: Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiries (CEPE), http://www.nyu.edu/projects/nissenbaum/ethics_bru_full.html.

Buchanan, Elizabeth A. (Ed). (2004). Readings in virtual research ethics: Issues and controversies. Hershey, PA: Information Science.
Buchanan, Elizabeth A., and Zimmer, M., “Internet Research Ethics”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2012 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-internet-research/
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Capurro, Rafael & Pingel, Christoph (2001, December). Ethical Issues of Online Communication Research. In. Lancaster UK: Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiries (CEPE). Retrieved December 14, 2001, from http://www.nyu.edu/projects/nissenbaum/ethics_cap_full.html

Couser, G. Thomas (2004). Vulnerable Subjects: Ethics and Life Writing. Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press.

Efimova, Lilia (2005, October). Not documenting, doing: blogging as research. Presented at the meeting of the Internet Research 6.0: Internet Generations, Association of Internet Researchers, Chicago IL.. http://conferences.aoir.org/viewabstract.php?id=238&cf=3.

Elgesem, Dag (2001, December). What is special about the ethical issues in online research? In. Lancaster UK: Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiries (CEPE). Retrieved December 14, 2001, http://www.nyu.edu/projects/nissenbaum/ethics_elg_full.html.

Ess, Charles, and the AoIR ethics working group. 2002. Ethical decision-making and Internet research: Recommendations from the aoir ethics working committeehttp://aoir.org/reports/ethics.pdf.

Ess, Charles (2001, December). Internet Research Ethics Introduction. In. Lancaster UK: Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiries (CEPE), http://www.nyu.edu/projects/nissenbaum/ethics_ess.html.

Ess, Charles (2004). The cathedral or bazaar? The AoIR document on internet research ethics as an exercise in open source ethics. In Mia Consalvo (ed.), Internet Research Annual Volume 1: Selected Papers from the Association of Internet Researchers Conferences 2000-2002. New York: Peter Lang, 2003.

Ess, Charles (2005). International Restrictions Affecting Internet Research: Conflicts, Risks, Resolutions? Charles Ess's Academic Homepage. Retrieved July 5, 2005, from http://www.drury.edu/ess/NCEHR_CNERH/ESS.htm.

Ess, C. (2007). Internet research ethics. In A. N. Joinson, K. Y. A. McKenna, T. Postmes & U.-D. Reips (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of Internet psychology (pp. 487-502). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. (downloadable here).

Ess, Charles. 2009. Digital Media Ethics. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Eysenbach, Gunther, and James Till. Ethical issues in qualitative research on internet communities, http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/323/7321/1103.
Fossheim, Hallvard, and Helen Ingierd (eds.) (2015) Internet Research EthicsCappelen Damm Akademisk, http://press.nordicopenaccess.no/index.php/noasp/catalog/book/3.
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Hine, C. (2005). Virtual Methods and the Sociology of Cyber-Social-Scientific Knowledge. Virtual Methods: Issues in Social Research on the Internet, edited by C. Hine. Oxford, Berg. 
Hudson, James, and Amy Bruckman. (2004). " Go Away": Participant Objections to Being Studied and the Ethics of Chatroom Research. The Information Society, 20(2), 127-139. 
Hunsinger, Jeremy, Klaus Bruhn Jensen, John Logie, Monica Murero, & Leslie Regan Shade (Eds.), Internet Research Annual: Selected Papers from the Association of Internet Researchers Conferences 2000-2002 (pp. 95-103). New York: Peter Lang. 
Jankowski, Nicholas, and Martine van Selme (2007). Research ethics in a virtual world, pp. 275-284 in Media Technologies and Democracy in an Enlarged Europe, edited by Nico Carpentier et al. Tartu University Press, http://www.researchingcommunication.eu/reco_book3.pdf. 
Johns, Mark D., Shing-Ling Sarina Chen, and G. Jon Hall (2004). Online Social Research: Methods, Issues, and Ethics. Peter Lang Publishers, New York

Jones, Robert Alun (1994). Internet research (Online). Internet Research: Electronic Networking Applications and Policy, 4(3)

King, Storm A. (1996, June). Researching internet communities: Proposed ethical guidelines for the reporting of results. The Information Society, 12 (2), 119-127

Kraut, Robert, Judith Olson, Mahzarin Banaji, Amy Bruckman, Jeffrey Cohen and Mick Couper. 2003. Psychological Research Online: Opportunities and Challengeshttp://www.apa.org/science/apainternetresearch.pdf.
 
Mackay, H. (2005). New Connections, Familiar Settings: Issues in the Ethnographic Study of New Media Use at Home. Virtual Methods: Issues in Social Research on the Internet. C. Hine (ed.). Oxford, Berg.

Maczewski, M., Storey, M.-A., & Hoskins, M. (2004). Conducting congruent, ethical, qualitative research in Internet-mediated research environments. In E. A. Buchanan (Ed.), Readings in virtual research ethics: Issues and controversies (pp. 62-79). Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing.


Mann, Chris, & Stewart, Fiona. (2000). Internet communication and qualitative research: A handbook for researching online. London: Sage. 
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Hampton Press.

McKee, Heidi, and James Porter. 2009. The Ethics of Internet Research: a Rhetorical, Case-Based Approach. New York: Peter Lang.

McKee, Heidi A. & Porter, Jim. 2010. Feminist Research Practices in Cyberspace. In Schell, Eileen, and K.J Rawson (Eds.), Rhetorica in Motion: Feminist Rhetorical Methods and Methodologies. University of Pittsburgh Press.

McKee, Heidi A. & Porter, Jim. (2008). "The ethics of digital writing research: A rhetorical approach." College Composition and Communication
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McKee, Heidi A..
2008. Ethical and Legal Issues for Writing Researchers in an Age of Media Convergence. Computers and Composition 25: 104-122.

Moore, Chris, and Ruth Walker (eds.). 2010. "Special Issue: Digital technologies and educational integrity." International Journal for Educational Integrity vol. 6, no. 2. http://www.ojs.unisa.edu.au/index.php/IJEI/issue/view/127 
Morris, Jeremy and Middleton, Catherine (2005, October). The Net Generation? Exploring the Complexities of Innovation Adoption among Youth. Presented at the meeting of the Internet Research 6.0: Internet Generations, Association of Internet Researchers, Chicago IL., http://conferences.aoir.org/viewabstract.php?id=220&cf=3.

Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP). (2001). US Department of Health and Human Services. Code of Federal Regulations, 45CFR46.

Ploug, Thomas (2009). Ethics in Cyberspace. London: Springer.

Polancic Boehlefeld, Sharon. 1996. “Doing the Right Thing: Ethical Cyberspace Research.” The Information Society vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 141-152.

Reid, Elizabeth. 1996. “Informed Consent in the Study of On-Line Communities: A Reflection on the Effects of Computer-Mediated Social Research.” The Information Society vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 169-174.

Rosser, B. R. Simon, Laura Gurak, Keith J. Horvath, J. Michael Oakes, Joseph Konstan, and Gene P. Danilenko. 2009. “The Challenges of Ensuring Participant Consent in Internet-based Sex Studies: A Case Study of the Men’s INTernet Sex (MINTS-I and II) Studies.” Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 602–626.

Sapienza, Fil (2007). Ethos and positionality in studies of virtual communities. In McKee, Heidi A., & DeVoss, Danielle Nicole (Eds.), Digital writing research: Technologies, methodologies, and ethical issues (pp. 89-106). Cresskill: Hampton.

Sharf, Barbara F. (1999). Beyond Netiquette: The ethics of doing naturalistic discourse research on the internet. In Steven G. Jones (Ed.), Doing Internet Research (pp. 243-256). Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications.

Thomas, Jim. 1996. “When Cyberresearch Goes Awry: The Ethics of the Rimm ‘Cyberporn’ Study.” The Information Society vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 189-198.

Thomas, Jim (2003). Reexamining the Ethics of internet Research: Facing the Challenge of Overzealous Oversight. In Mark D. Johns, Shing-Ling Sarina Chen, & G. Jon Hall (Eds.), Online Social Research: Methods, Issues, & Ethics (pp. 187-202). New York: Peter Lang.

Walther, Joseph B. (2001, December). Research Ethics in Internet-Enabled Research: Human Subjects Issues and Methodological Myopia. In. Lancaster UK: Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiries (CEPE). Retrieved December 14, 2001, http://www.nyu.edu/projects/nissenbaum/ethics_wal_full.html.

White, Michele (2001, December). Representations or People? In. Lancaster UK: Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiries (CEPE). Retrieved December 14, 2001, http://www.nyu.edu/projects/nissenbaum/ethics_whi_full.html.

White, Michele (2002). "Representations or people?" Ethics and Information Technology 4 (3) pp. 249-266.
assembled partly from the aoir list. if you have access (i don't), there is this special issue of the journal of information ethics. no doubt there's also others i've missed. and don't forget the aoir wiki, the aoir ethics working group, the ijire, the jcmc, and the macquarie online ethics training module. also the excellent institutional review blog, and internet research ethics.

surveyfail is a classic case study in how spectacularly badly online research can be done, and how an online community can respond to it with brilliance. you can find out more about it by investigating through here, say, or here.

this list is also incorporated with further resources on the topic here.
last updated 27/03/15.

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