tricky words

i had to look them up:

ad hoc
– 'to this', for a particular purpose only. adhocracy – flexible bureacracy
ad hominem – fallacious arguments directed against the interlocutor, rather than the substantive points that interlocutor raises. personal attacks instead of counter-arguments
adumbrate – a vague or incomplete indication or outline: to present such a thing
adversative – a word expressing opposition or contrast, e.g. 'but', 'although'
adynata – 'impossibilia'. an adynaton is an impossible thing. adynata are in violation of natural law, they are physically or otherwise impossible figures of speech and rhetoric (e.g. 'pigs might fly', 'castles in the air' etc.)
agnatic – concerning descent through the male line. an agnate is a person descended from the same male ancestor as another
alliteration – repetition of initial consonant sounds ('fine feathered friends')
allo- - other, different
allochronic – of a different time
allochthones – deposits or formations originating at a distance from their present location (cf. autochthony)
allotropic – of a different form or the different forms in which an element can exist
anamorph – a distorted image appearing normal from a certain perspective (as through a lens or mirror)
anaphora – the use of a word referring back to a word used earlier to avoid repetition, such as indexicals ('he' etc.)
anastrophe – the reversal of the order of words
anechoic – free from echo, tending to absorb or deaden sound
antinomy – contradiction between two apparently correct statements
antipathy – anger etc. towards a person or thing
antistrophe – the turning of an opponent's argument against itself
aphasia – loss or damage to speech faculty consequent on brain injury or disease
apocope – loss or contraction of syllables from end of word: e.g. shortening of 'kind of' to 'kinda'
apophenia – the spontaneous perception of connections and meaningfulness where no such connections/meaningfulness in fact exist (e.g. in hearing voices in static). like projection (cf. also pareidolia, artifactuality)
architectonic – musical, literary or artistic structure esp. architectural
artifactuality – the characteristic of things not naturally present but occurring as the result of scientific investigation
asinine – extremely stupid or foolish
assonance – repetition of vowel sounds
auto- - self, same
autochthony – indigenous; formed in its present position (cf. allochthones)
autoplasty – surgical repair using tissue from another part of the patient’s body. autoplastic graft, cf. alloplasty
axiology – the theory of what is worthy or valuable
bellum omnium – war of all against all
braggadocio – boasting and self-aggrandisement
canonical – referring to the standard practice interpretation – the canonical meaning of words is the literal meaning
catachresis – the (usually intentional) misuse of a word
cataphora – the use of a word referring to a word used later
cavage – (fr.) excavation
chiastic – inversion in a second phrase or clause of the words in the first
chirographic – to do with handwriting
cholo – mexican with indian blood; derog.: lower class mexican
chthonian – of, belonging to or inhabiting the underworld
cohort – a group of people banded together or treated as a group
colloquy – a formal discussion
conation – desire or will, volition. conative
consonance – repetition of consonant sounds
consubstantiality – being of the same substance
deictic – indicator terms whose meaning is wholly context dependent: 'you', 'this', 'that'
delict – a slight, injury or offence
deontology – the theory of what one ought to do
deracination – displacement, uprooting
diachronic – studying or referring to a thing in terms of its historical development (cf. synchronic)
diacritical – indicating a change or modification
diphasic – occurring in two phases (?)
disjunctive – a word that joins together mutually exclusive ideas as alternatives, such as 'either', 'neither', 'or', 'nor'
emetic – causing one to vomit
emic – using categories from within the culture
empyrean, the – the highest part of heaven
epideictic – designed primarily for rhetorical display
ersatz – poor imitation or substitute
eschatological – referring to death, the end times, ultimate destiny, the day of judgement etc.
etic – using categories from outside the culture
etiology – the investigation of causes/origins
euphonious – pleasant-sounding
excision - removal
fastnachtspiel – (gr.) 'nearly night play'; carnival. spiel is 'play'
fungible – capable of being exchanged; having a commodity value
glossolalia – speaking in tongues
haecceity – the quality of a thing that makes it unique or describable as 'this (one)'
hebephrenic – hebephrenia – old term for form of schizophrenia characterised by foolish, regressive mannerisms, senseless laughter, extreme antisocial behaviour (ingesting faeces, self-mutilation etc.)
horror vacui – fear or dislike of empty spaces esp. in artistic composition
hyletic – received passively by the mind
hypertrophy – exaggerated or unnecessary growth or complexity. hypertrophied
hypostasis – the essence or reality of something
ideational - conceptional; being of the nature of a notion or concept
idiomorphic – referring to a type of idiom
illocution – an act carried out in words, a speech act. illocutionary
imago – in psychoanalysis, an unconscious idealized mental image, esp. of a parent, formed in infancy and retained in adult life
in media res – in the midst or middle, without preamble
inexpiable – so bad it cannot be atoned for
integument – a tough outer protective layer, as of an animal or plant
inter alia – among other things
ipse dixit – a dogmatic and unproven statement
irenic – intending to promote peace
isogloss – a line on a map marking an area having a distinct linguistic feature
isomorph – an item corresponding or similar in form or relations to another such item
lacuna - a gap in the argument or in the literature
lapidary – of language: elegant and concise, suitable for engraving on stone
lexeme – minimal unit (as word or stem) in the lexicon e.g. 'go'
lexicon – the stock of words
malapropism – mistaken use of a word sounding similar to the correct one
metalepsis – substituting metonymy of one figurative sense for another: one thing is referenced by another only remotely associated with it
metonymy – figure of speech in which an attribute of a thing is used to signify the thing itself
milieu – the surroundings or environment
mimesis – imitation of the real world in art; imitation of one group of people by another
morpheme – a meaningful morphological unit of a language that cannot be further divided
morphology – the structure of words in a language, including inflection and derivation
motile – capable of independent movement
multivalent – multiple meanings or values
noetic – of or understood by the mind; that which gives sense to the hyletic
ocularcentrism – vision-centric, privileging sight. cf. scopophilia
oneiric – relating to dreams or dreaming
onomastica – name lists, lists of names. singular: onomasticum
ontic – relating to real existence
origo – pragmatics: the reference point of deixis: the speakers who says 'my', 'this', 'now' etc.
orphic – mystical or magical, to do with orpheus, the poet and musician who went to the underworld attempting to bring back his wife eurydice
ostension - defining by pointing: 'that is a ___'
oto- – to do with the ear [?] (ototoxic, otosurgery)
paratactic – writing style (cf. syntactic) characterised by simple, short sentences
pareidolia – misperception where obscure stimulus is viewed as clear and distinct (e.g. shroud of turin). cf. also apophenia
pari passu – at an equal rate, step for step
passim – (in referencing) indicating that the idea being referenced occurs in various places in the source cited
peripatetic – travelling from place to place (usually for reasons of work); 'walking with', the aristotelian method of teaching
perlocution – the effect that a speaker’s words have on someone. perlocutionary
phatic – spoken in order to share feelings, convey a mood, rather than to convey information
phonetic – pertaining to the sounds of speech
phonology – the pattern of speech sounds
picaresque – typical of rogues or scoundrels; the tales told thereof
picayune – trivial, unimportant, being fussy about such
plenum – an assembly of all the members of a committee, or a space completely filled with matter
post hoc ergo propter hoc – 'after this, therefore because of this'
pragmatics – language use rather than structure
prestidigitation – sleight of hand
propinquity – nearness in space, time or relationship
proprioception – production and perception of stimuli within an organism, esp. relating to movement and position
prosaic – not having any features which are interesting or imaginative, simple, commonplace
psychomachia – an allegorical medieval tale depicting the conflict of vices and virtues as a battle (e.g. chastity vs. lust)
purlieu – a place or district
rara avis – rare bird
ratiocination – the formation of judgements through logic; reason
recursion - a process that invokes an instance of itself
rheme – that part of the sentence (often the predicate) adding the greatest amount of new information to the discourse
sine qua non – essential condition, premise or prerequisite
somatic – relating to the body
sotto voce – 'under the breath'
strabismus - squint
substrate/substratum – the underlying material base; a set of surviving indigenous linguistic features, e.g. influencing the language of a coloniser
subtend – to lie underneath, surrounding, supporting or enclosing
supernumerary – a minor actor in crowd scenes without speaking/dancing etc. role, a person serving no apparent function
synchronic – referring to a thing at one point in time, esp. a language, without consideration of its historical development (cf. diachronic)
syncope - loss or contraction of syllables from middle of word
syncretic – merging together
synecdoche – a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa, synechdochal
syntactic – writing style favouring complex syntax
teleonomic – telos– - the end or ends, -nomy – the branch of knowledge concerning.
teratological – relating to monsters or the branch of mythology concerning them
topography – the arrangement of features in a landscape; a maplike description or representation of such
topology – the way in which constituent parts are interrelated or arranged
topos – a traditional theme in literature or rhetoric. plural topoi
transcoding – ?coding? across, beyond, into another place
ukase – an arbitrary command or law
vector – a quantity incorporating both direction and magnitude; the course or trajectory of a thing
velleity – volition or desire at its weakest, vaguest level
vituperation – an outburst of violently abusive or harshly critical language – to vituperate is to attack someone in such a way

i keep a list you see.

1 comment:

L. Frank Morgan said...

Thanks Andy. Really appreciate your work and sharing attitude!